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Sinusitis (Treatment)

How is sinusitis treated by a doctor?

Depending on whether the condition is acute or chronic, what is causing the sinusitis and if there are any underlying issues present, as confirmed from the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe medication or no treatment at all.

Acute sinusitis tends to heal by itself at home and rarely requires medical treatment. Chronic sinusitis on the other hand is long lasting and requires intervention to reduce the effect.

• Antibiotics: If the reason for the infection is due to bacteria, antibiotics may be prescribed for 2 weeks or more, along with other medicines.

antibiotics-medicines

• Anti-fungal medication: may also be suggested, if the reason for the sinusitis is a fungal infection.

• Decongestants: may be prescribed to reduce the stuffiness and to drain mucus.

• Corticosteroid sprays or drops: may also be suggested to reduce inflammation.

• Antihistamines: can be used in case of allergic rhinitis.

• Immunotherapy: Injection or shots can help reduce the body’s reaction to certain allergens which can alleviate the symptoms of sinusitis.

• Immunoglobulins: which can help improve the body’s immunity, may help fight against diseases that cause sinusitis by affecting the immune system.

 

Surgery

In worst case scenarios, patients may have to undergo surgery for different reasons.

• A deviated septum may require surgery to reduce the symptoms due to it.

• Functional Endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) may also be suggested, which involves the use of an endoscope and tiny surgical instruments. Under the influence of general anaesthesia, the doctor might perform this surgery to:

– Remove nasal polyps that might be blocking the sinus openings.

– Operate and open any blocked sinuses for easy discharge of mucus.

– Use an inflatable balloon (also called balloon catheter dilation) to open up blocked sinus and facilitate mucus flow.

Are there any ways to prevent sinusitis?

While there are all sort of treatment and home remedies for sinusitis, some simple steps practised with cleanliness and hygiene can help prevent an infection.

Avoid smoking and stay away from tobacco smoke, in case they trigger inflammation.

Wash your hands after meeting or shaking hands with other people.

Avoid exposure to possible allergens like pollen, dust or pet dander.

Refrain from meeting people who might suffer from upper respiratory tract infection like a cold.

• Consider taking your vaccinations like influenza, flu vaccine or pneumococcal vaccine on time.

Eat food rich in anti-oxidants to boost immunity and prevent infections.

Reduce stress and stay hydrated to increase moisture content in the body.

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