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Premenstrual syndrome – Signs and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

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What is Premenstrual syndrome & What are the Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

signs and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a cluster of mood, cognitive and physical disturbances with the hallmark symptom of irritability, which is distinct from depression or anxiety. In this article, you will know each and everything about signs and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Just read till the end.

PMS has been characterized by more than 100 physical and psychological signs and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), making it difficult to define scientifically.

Duration: It can start anytime 7-10 days before the next expected menstruation date and may last up to a few days after the stoppage of menstruation.

The cases of PMS are increasing day by day because of altered food habits and stress and irregular sleep patterns especially in young girls and working women. Thus they need to be given special attention to avoid more disturbances

Why does it happen?

There are cyclic changes in hormonal levels (drop in female hormones- estrogen and progesterone) during the menstrual cycle and low levels of the brain chemical (serotonin) contribute to premenstrual syndrome.

The hormonal change causes mood swings, fatigue, and cyclic pain.

Deficiencies of certain vitamins and minerals may cause a worsening of the Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

 

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Sign and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS):

mood swings in pms and Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Emotional and BehaviouralPhysical
DepressionPainful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)
AnxietyCyclic pain in breast (cyclical mastalgia)
Mood swingsSwelling of breast
Change in appetiteSlight weight gain due to fluid retention
Problem in getting sleepDigestion difficulties (Irritable bowel syndrome; Diarrhoea or constipation)
Poor concentrationBloating
IrritableLow backache
Anger spellsBody pain
Food cravingsMigraine and variable headache
Change in libidoSome experience more oily skin with an increase in breakouts
Lack of interest in the work or surroundingOccasional symptoms of hypothyroidism

PMS can affect your pre-existing conditions like depression, anxiety issues, or migraine. If your Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) increase in the premenstrual period it is advisable to seek professional help.

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis of PMS is quite a difficult task, as no laboratory values or physical examination or ultrasound can diagnose the condition, not even hormones evaluation varies in normal individual and person with PMS. The mainstay in diagnosis to date is a detailed history evaluation.

Treatment:

No specific treatment for PMS has been validated by empirical studies. Some lifestyle changes may help a bit in reducing the severity and episodes, like;

• Avoiding caffeine from the diet

• Cessation of smoking

Dr chinmay

Dr. Chinmay Patel

M.S. Obstetrics & Gynecology
Diploma Endoscopy, CICE (France)
Infertility Specialist, NUH (Singapore)

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