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Causes, Signs And Symptoms of Piles | What Are Piles Hemorrhoids?

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What are piles?

Piles (hemorrhoids) are small lumps that develop in and around the terminal end of your gut (anus and lower rectum), which are made up of Swollen veins (predominantly), Supportive tissue and Muscles. In this article, we are going to talk about causes of Piles, signs and symptoms of piles and other factors about Piles hemorrhoids.

Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Piles hemorrhoids

These may just felt as lumps around your anus or lumps coming out of it, or associated with other symptoms such as pain, bleeding or itching around the anus. These lumps vary in size ranging from the size of a pea to the size of a grape.

It is estimated that about 50% population develops piles by the age of 50 years.

However, there are a number of effective treatments available from home remedies and over the counter medicines to surgeries. That’s why we have come with complete causes of piles, signs and symptoms of piles here.

What are the Causes of Pile Hemorrhoids?

There are many factors and causes of piles are available with leading signs and symptoms of piles hemorrhoids. Piles are believed to occur due to various factors which result in the following effects:

Causes of Piles with signs and symptoms of piles

Factors that can lead to the development of piles (Causes of Piles) are:

• Age: more common in older age. Most common between age of 45 to 65 years. Rare below 20 years of age.

• Increased pressure:

Straining during stools

– Sitting for long periods

Having constipation since long

Being pregnant

Lifting heavy weights regularly

• Diet: eating a low fiber diet or spicy food

• Chronic diarrhea can also result in piles

• Obesity

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What are the signs and symptoms of piles?

You may experience different signs and symptoms of piles according to the type of the piles with the commonest presentation being:

External piles: painful hard swelling around the anus

Internal piles: painless bleeding from the rectum

signs and symptoms of piles

Other features are also given below

External piles/hemorrhoidsInternal piles/hemorrhoids
1. Typically noticed as a painful and hard lumps around anus1. Usually presents as painless bleeding from rectum which can be along with stools, on toilet pan or on your underwear
2. You may also notice it as soft painless lumps around anus2. You may also notice a lump protruding out of the anus when it elongates and prolapses
3. It may cause irritation and itching in your anal region3. Prolapsed piles may cause mucus discharge and irritation in your anal region
4. May produces pain in the anal region especially on sitting or doing strenuous activity4. It may also cause sensation of incomplete passage of stools and soiling of your underwear with stools
5. Bleeding occurs less common and is seen only when clotted piles get eroded5. Pain is less common, but occurs when piles get clotted, prolapsed or strangulated.

 

Causes of piles with signs and Symptoms of piles hemorrhoids

When to consult a doctor about signs and symptoms of piles:

• If you are blood from anus or blood in stools especially if there is a change in bowel habit or color of the stool. Instead of signs and symptoms of piles, this could represent signs of cancer also.

• If you experiences significant amount of pain and discomfort

• If the condition doesn’t relive after one week of home care

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What are the complications of piles?

Well, after the signs and symptoms of piles the main part comes that you should know, which is complications of piles.

• Anemia. Rarely, chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia, in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells.

• Strangulated hemorrhoid. If the blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may be “strangulated,” which can cause extreme pain.

• Blood clot. Occasionally, a clot can form in a hemorrhoid (thrombosed hemorrhoid). Although not dangerous, it can be extremely painful and sometimes needs to be lanced and drained.

How piles are diagnosed?

After taking a proper history with some of the above described signs and symptoms of piles the doctor would do a local examination of your anal and rectal region to look for piles or any other disease causing similar presentation.

How to treat piles?

Piles are treated on the basis of severity and the type of signs and symptoms of piles hemorrhoids, type of piles and health condition of the person. The treatment consists of:

• Home care treatment

• Medicines

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