Stained teeth are noticed easily. You can take countermeasures before they worsen enough to require professional’s help.
Most of the stains occur due to a lack of oral hygiene.
• It can easily be treated by brushing twice a day. Brush first thing in the morning before consuming anything and last thing at night, before heading to sleep and after consumption of food.
• Brush for 2 minutes at least placing the brush at a 45˚ angle facing away from the gum and move in slow circular motions covering all the surfaces of the teeth.
• The use of baking soda (94%) and hydrogen peroxide (1.5%) showed improvement in the color and micro-hardness of the teeth in a survey.
• Toothpaste with baking soda and hydrogen peroxide showed positive results in removing external stains and teeth whitening.
White vinegar and apple cider vinegar both have bleaching properties and can be used to remove stains, but be careful when using vinegar, as it can cause damage to the teeth.
The food we eat contains many chemicals, and a list of food that may help with teeth whitening is mentioned below, as found out from an NCBI study.
• Papaya: contains an enzyme called papain, mostly present in unripe papaya; it helps remove superficial stains and reduces plaque build-up.
• Pineapple and orange: contain an enzyme called bromelain, which like papain, removes superficial stains and reduces plaque build-up.
• Celery, carrots, and sesame seeds: are high in fiber and act as a scrub removing surface stains effectively.
• Strawberries and apple: comprise of malic acid, which is known to be a natural enamel whitener.
• Milk, cheese, and yogurt: with other dairy products that contain lactic acid are natural enamel whitener.
• Kiwifruit: contains actinidin, which is good at removing surface stains.
• Lemon extract and peel: is a good source of citric acid, which, along with antibacterial properties, also helps bleach the stains on enamel.
• Banana peel: make the teeth appear white due to the absorption of potassium, magnesium, and manganese over the teeth surface.
• Rock salt: which is a mild abrasive, helps remove the superficial stains.
Charcoal contains a negative charge and is a mild abrasive which sticks to the positively charged plaque on the surface and helps whiten the teeth.
Whitening toothpaste have stronger ingredients that may contain hydrogen peroxide and mild abrasives, which help remove stains and yellowness from the teeth.
Whitening products available in the market may contain gels or strips with hydrogen peroxide and helps whiten the teeth.
Precaution: Consult a dentist before opting for such products as they might be strong and cause enamel or gum damage.
Curbing the use of tobacco products like cigarettes may improve the discoloration of the teeth and prevent future staining of the teeth.
A lot of the food we consume like coffee, tea, certain berries, and sugary food may cause stains which can be limited to avoid stains.
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