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Gastritis (Diagnosis)

This post is also available in: हिन्दी (Hindi)

How to diagnose gastritis?

The doctor would take a detailed history to understand your symptoms. With history he might suspect diagnosis of gastritis and to conform the diagnosis he might ask for one or more of the following tests:

• Test for detecting H. Pylori infection: H pylori bacteria which is found to be associated with most of the cases of gastritis can be detected with breath test, blood test or stool test.

• In breath test, a person is made to drink a clear tasteless fluid containing radioactive carbon. The person then blows out the air into a bag which is then sealed and tested. In presence of H pylori in the stomach the liquid is broken down by the bacteria and radioactive carbon is found in the air collected in the bag.

• Endoscopy: here a thin tube containing a camera is passed down into the stomach to look for any evidence of inflammation, erosion or ulceration of gastric lining. In case of suspicious area, a small tissue is collected and sent to the lab to assess the composition of the cells or presence of H pylori.

• Stool test: is taken to check for blood or micro-organism in the stool.

• Barium study: here a liquid containing barium is given to the patient to drink which outlines the stomach lining which is then imaged with the help of Xrays.

Read more: Signs, Symptoms, and Causes of Gastritis

Read more: How to treat Gastritis

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