This post is also available in: हिन्दी (Hindi)
Botulinum toxin in cosmetic medicine is a popular injectable that is used to temporarily reduce fine lines and wrinkles. Commonly used Botulinum toxin type A are Botox®, Dysport®, Xeomin®, and Jeuveau®. It is a protein produced by fermentation of bacterium Clostridium botulinum which is commonly found on plants, water, soil, and intestinal tracts of animals.
Botulinum toxin disrupts the nerve signaling that stimulates muscle contraction leading to temporary muscle paralysis. It also prevents the release of acetylcholine (a chemical that is released by the nerves), thereby stopping the muscle to contract. Due to less muscle contraction, the muscle becomes less stiff.
• Forehead lines
• Crow’s feet (wrinkle at the outer corner of your eyes)
• Bunny lines (the fine line that appears on the side of the nose when one laughs or smiles)
• Lip lines/ smokers line/ lipstick lines (vertical fine lines seen around the lips)
• Nasal flare (widen nostrils)
• For browlift
• To soften a square jawline
It has also been used for hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) of palms & underarms, migraine and, blepharospasm (abnormal contraction/twitching of eyelid muscles).
• Pregnancy and lactation
• Prior allergic reaction or known allergy to this toxin
• Infection at the site of injection
• Known case of myasthenia gravis or multiple sclerosis
• Mild swelling at the site of injection
• Headaches which are more commonly seen if this is given to relax forehead lines and wrinkles due to overactivity of the muscle. It usually subsides within 2-3 days.
• Lid ptosis (drooping) which usually resolves within 1 to 6 months on its own.
• Brow ptosis (drooping)
• Spock brow or excessive brow elevation which can be corrected with 2-4 units of Botox®.
The procedure should be performed by a qualified cosmetic dermatologist.
• This toxin is diluted with saline and injected directly into the neuromuscular tissue.
• The dilution of this toxin depends on the brand being used.
• DO NOT rub or massage the treated area for 24 hours as this could result in leakage of product to the adjacent areas.
• Usually there is no downtime associated with botulinum toxin besides mild swelling at the site of the injection which subsides within 2-3 hours. Sometimes you may develop bruising after the injection.
• Results can be appreciated within 2-3 days following the injection and peak result is seen by 1 week.
The effects last for 3-12 months depending on the area treated, individual’s BMI, and the type of botulinum toxin used.
MBBS, MD Dermatology
Fellow in Dermatology Laser Surgery
A single targeted dose of radiotherapy could be as effective at treating breast cancer as a full course, a long-term…
The loss of smell that can accompany coronavirus is unique and different from that experienced by someone with a bad…
What are finger foods? Any solid food that can be eaten directly with hands rather than with utensils like a…
Raising your kid as a team Parenting is a rewarding feeling for both partners. However, along the way, it often…
How generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is treated? The treatment of generalized anxiety disorder is decided on the basis of severity…
How generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is diagnosed? Before getting into the diagnosis details of GAD, learn about what is generalized…